EPM (equine protozoal myeloencephalitis) is a serious neurological condition that affects horses. The parasite Sarcocystis nervena lives in the brain and spinal cord of horses. If not treated quickly and correctly, EPM can cause neurological problems and even death. There are steps horse owners can take that will prevent or treat EPM in horses. We will be discussing how to treat and prevent EPM in horses.
What is EPM?
EPM is a neurological disorder that is caused by Sarcocystis nervena, a single-celled organism. This parasite can be found in the environment, most commonly in wild animals and opossums. Horses can be infected by contaminated food, water, and soil. The parasite infects the central nervous system of horses, causing a range of neurological symptoms. These symptoms include weakness in muscle coordination, blindness, abnormal gait, and even death.
How to Prevent EPM in Horses
Good hygiene is the best way to prevent EPM from horses. Good hygiene means that horses’ stalls, paddocks, and pastures should be kept clean and free from feces. Regular cleaning of water and feed buckets is important. Any spillages should be swept up as soon as possible. Horses should not be allowed to roam in areas with wild animals.
EPM prevention in horses is also possible through vaccination. EPM vaccine is currently only available in one form. Although the vaccine isn’t 100% effective, it can reduce the chance of horses getting infected. Horses should be vaccinated at minimum once per year, and more often if possible twice.
Stress can make a horse more vulnerable to illness. It is essential to give your horse regular exercise, good nutrition, and a safe environment. Horses should be allowed to rest and recover after being exposed to stressful situations.
How to treat EPM in Horses
It is important to get prompt treatment for horses diagnosed with EPM. The treatment usually involves both medication and supportive care.
Ponazuril is the most common drug used to treat EPM. Ponazuril is usually administered orally for five to seven consecutive days. Sometimes, it may be necessary to continue treatment for a longer period of time.
EPM in horses can be treated with supportive care, as well as medication. The horse should be provided with plenty of rest and a comfortable environment. Also, the horse should be checked for neurological problems such as weakness and incoordination.
How can EPM be prevented in horses?
Good hygiene and stress management are the best ways to prevent EPM in horses. To reduce the chance of infection, vaccination is recommended.
What are the treatments for EPM in horses
EPM treatment in horses usually involves supportive care and medication. Ponazuril is the most common drug used. It is taken orally for five to seven consecutive days. Sometimes, it may be necessary to continue treatment for a longer period of time.
EPM can cause neurological problems and even death in horses. EPM can be prevented and treated by horse owners. This includes good hygiene, stress minimization, and vaccinations. EPM treatment typically includes supportive care and medication. These steps can be followed by horse owners to protect their horses against this serious condition. Visit www.horse-safety.org for more information.
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