Equine gastric ulcers or gastric ulcers in horses are quite common. They can cause serious health and performance problems. These ulcers are caused by the natural acid production of horses and the presence stomach bacteria. Horse owners must understand the causes of equine stomach ulcers and the best treatments. This article will give you an overview of how to treat and prevent equine stomach ulcers in horses.
Causes of Equine Gastril Ulcers
Equine gastric ulcers can be caused by both acid produced in horses’ stomachs and the presence of bacteria. Although acidity is essential for digestion, stomach acid can cause stomach ulcers. An increase in acid production can be caused by bacteria, which can lead to ulcer formation.
These underlying causes are not the only ones that cause gastric ulcers in horses. There are also many external factors that could contribute. These factors include changes in diet, exercise, stress, and medication exposure. Horses who are subject to high levels of stress are more likely than horses who aren’t.
Preventing Equine Gastric Ulcers
It is possible to prevent equine gastric ulcers by taking steps to reduce stress and providing a balanced diet. A balanced diet should include a mix of grains, hay, as well as other forages. Horses should be fed on a regular basis. They shouldn’t be left hungry for long periods.
Horse owners can help reduce the risk of developing ulcers by making sure their horses are comfortable and not overexerting. Exercising too often can cause stress in horses, which can lead to ulcers. Avoid certain medications as they can increase ulcer risk.
Treatment of Equine Gastric Ulcers
Equine gastric ulcers are difficult to treat because the root causes must be addressed. The treatment aims to lower the acidity and promote ulcer healing. You can do this by making dietary changes such as a low-grain diet and high-forage diet, and following a consistent feeding pattern. A variety of medications are available to help reduce acid production and promote healing.
Antacids are an effective treatment for equine stomach ulcers. They neutralize stomach acid, which can reduce pain and speed up healing. Ranitidine, omeprazole and famotidine are all common antacids. A veterinarian must prescribe these medications.
Sucralfate, a medication that forms an invisible protective layer on the stomach lining, is called a sucralfate. This protects the ulcer from further damage, and promotes healing. Sucralfate can be administered orally but in extreme cases, intravenously.
In cases of bacterial infections, antibiotics may be prescribed. These antibiotics can reduce bacteria levels and promote healing. Commonly prescribed antibiotics include enrofloxacin, doxycycline, and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid.
- How can you prevent equine stomach ulcers? It is important to give a balanced diet to horses and to reduce stress levels in their lives. The risk of developing ulcers can be reduced by avoiding excessive exercise and taking certain medications.
What are the best treatments for equine gastric Ulcers?
A combination of diet changes, antacids and sucralfate is the best treatment for equine stomach ulcers. These medications should be prescribed by your veterinarian.
Although they can be very painful, equine gastric ulcers are treatable.