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How to Treat and Prevent Equine Encephalomyelitis in Horses?

how to treat and prevent equine encephalomyelitis in horses


Equine encephalomyelitis, which can be fatal and life-threatening, is a serious viral infection that can affect horses. The equine virus equineencephalomyelitis can cause inflammation of the brain or spinal cord. Infected horses can also be transmitted by mosquitoes and through contaminated food or water. Horse owners and caregivers need to be aware and take preventative steps to avoid equine-encephalomyelitis. We will be discussing how to prevent and treat equine myelitis in horses.

Signs and Symptoms

Equine encephalomyelitis may cause various symptoms including fever, depression and loss of appetite. Paralysis, muscle twitching and seizures are some other signs. The disease can cause death if it is not treated.


A veterinarian will conduct a physical exam to determine if equine encephalomyelitis has been diagnosed. He may also order imaging tests, such as Xrays and an MRI. To confirm the diagnosis, the veterinarian might also require a cerebrospinal fluid sample (CSF).


The severity of equine encephalomyelitis will determine the treatment. Mild cases may require supportive care such as fluids and vitamins. More severe cases may need antibiotics or antivirals. Horses may require more intensive treatment in some cases.


Vaccination is the best method to prevent equine-related encephalomyelitis. There are vaccines that can protect horses against the virus. Horse owners should ensure that their horses get the vaccine regularly. Horse owners should keep their horses from infected horses.


Horse owners can take other steps to prevent equine myelitis. Good hygiene is key. Horse owners should also keep their horses out of areas that may harbor mosquitoes. Horses should not be exposed to contaminated water or feed.


  • What are the symptoms of Equine Encephalomyelitis?

    Equine encephalomyelitis symptoms include depression, anxiety, loss of appetite and loss of coordination. You may also notice paralysis, muscle twitching and seizures.

  • How can equine-encephalomyelitis (EEM) be prevented?

    Regular vaccinations are the best way to prevent horse encephalomyelitis. You must also maintain good hygiene in your stable. Keep horses out of areas where mosquitoes might be present and ensure that horses don’t get contaminated feed or water.


Equine encephalomyelitis can be a life-threatening and serious virus that can affect horses. Horse owners and caregivers need to be aware and take preventative steps to avoid this virus from spreading. Equine encephalomyelitis can be prevented by regular vaccination. Horses should receive the vaccine regularly. Good hygiene and the avoidance of contaminated feed and water can also help reduce the chance of infection. It is crucial to get veterinary attention as soon as your horse becomes infected. You can view the video for more information.

“How to treat and prevent Equine Encephalomyelitis In Horses”

YouTube, and the Wikipedia article

“Equine Encephalomyelitis”