Equine herpesvirus (EHV), is highly contagious and can affect horses all over the world. EHV is an airborne virus that can cause serious respiratory and neurological diseases in horses and even death. EHV poses a serious threat for horses’ health and welfare. It is essential to learn how to prevent and treat it. We will be discussing how to prevent and treat EHV in horses.
Signs and symptoms of Equine Herpesvirus
EHV can lead to a host of symptoms in horses including fever, nasal discharge, coughing, difficulty breathing, and lethargy. Horses may develop neurological disease in more severe cases. This includes paralysis, weakness of muscles, loss of coordination and muscle weakness. While not all horses can be infected by EHV will develop symptoms, they may still be contagious.
Diagnostics for Equine Herpesvirus
A veterinarian should be consulted if a horse shows signs of EHV. EHV can be diagnosed by testing nasal discharge or blood samples. To prevent EHV spreading to other horses, isolate the horse from any other horses whose samples are positive.
Equine herpesvirus treatment
After a horse is diagnosed with EHV the treatment should be tailored to each horse. Supportive care, which involves giving the horse fluids, rest and medications to reduce inflammation and fever, is the most important aspect of EHV treatment. Antiviral medication may be prescribed to reduce the severity in severe cases.
Prevent Equine Herpesvirus by Vaccination
Vaccination is the best way to protect horses against EHV. EHV vaccines are available in two forms: injectable and intramuscular. Because it protects against both the neurological and respiratory forms of the virus, the intranasal vaccine should be used for all horses. Horses at greater risk from EHV infection such as horses that travel or compete, should be given the injectable vaccine.
Biosecurity to Prevent Equine Herpesvirus
Biosecurity measures are also recommended to lower the chance of EHV infection. EHV infection can be prevented by avoiding horses infected and isolating horses with EHV. It is important to keep horses up-to-date on all vaccinations and to quarantine any new horses for at least 2 weeks before they are allowed to join the herd.
Equine Herpesvirus poses a serious threat for the health and well-being of horses. It is essential to learn how to treat it and how to prevent it. EHV vaccination is the best way to protect horses. Biosecurity measures are also important to lower the chance of infection. A veterinarian should be consulted if a horse shows signs of EHV.
What are the symptoms and signs of Equine Herpesvirus (Equine Herpesvirus)?
Equine herpesvirus symptoms include lethargy and nasal discharge, coughing, difficulty breathing, and fever. Horses may develop neurological diseases such as paralysis, weakness and loss of coordination in more severe cases.
How can Equine Herpesvirus be prevented?
Vaccination and biosecurity are the best ways to prevent Equine herpesvirus. To protect horses against EHV infection, vaccination is the best way to do so. Biosecurity measures are also recommended to lower the chance of infection.