Equestrian Shop Online » Horse FAQs » How to Treat and Prevent Equine Leptospirosis in Horses?

How to Treat and Prevent Equine Leptospirosis in Horses?

how to treat and prevent equine leptospirosis in horses

What is Equine Leptospirosis and how can it be prevented?

Equine Leptospirosis affects horses and is caused by a bacterial infection. The Leptospira Interrogans bacteria is responsible for the infection. It can be found in the urine from infected animals. It can spread from horse to horse or through contaminated feed or water. Direct contact with infected animals can also spread the infection. Equine Leptospirosis symptoms include anorexia and weight loss, fever, jaundice, and muscle pain and stiffness. The infection can prove fatal if it is not treated.

How to treat Equine Leptospirosis

Antibiotics are the best treatment for Equine Leptospirosis. Antibiotics are typically administered intramuscularly or intravenously. A veterinarian might also recommend support care, such as fluid therapy, nutritional assistance, and pain relief medication. Sometimes, hospitalization is necessary. Horses may have to be put down if they are suffering from severe illness.


Equine Leptospirosis is treated with antibiotics. The most common antibiotics to treat Equine Leptospirosis are penicillin, aminoglycosides, and tetracyclines. The severity of the infection, the horse’s reaction to the medication and the length of treatment will determine the antibiotic type and duration.

Fluid Therapy

Fluid therapy may be necessary to replenish horse’s electrolytes and fluids, which can be depleted by the infection. This can prevent the horse from becoming dehydrated, which could be fatal. Fluid therapy can also be used to lessen the severity of Equine Leptospirosis symptoms.

Nutritional Support

Equine Leptospirosis is a serious condition that can affect horses. Equine Leptospirosis patients need nutritional support. Equine Leptospirosis can cause horses to become overweight. It is therefore important that they receive adequate nutrition. To help your horse stay nourished, the veterinarian might recommend vitamins and minerals.

How to Prevent Equine Leptospirosis

Good hygiene and sanitation are the best ways to prevent Equine Leptospirosis. Avoid contact with infected animals and contaminated feed or water. Horses must also be vaccinated and kept dry.


Vaccinations are an important component of Equine Leptospirosis prevention. There are four main strains of Leptospira interrogans bacteria that horses can be protected with vaccines. It is recommended to vaccinate horses every six to twelve months to protect them against new strains.

Hygiene and Sanitation

Equine Leptospirosis can be prevented by good hygiene and sanitation. Regular cleaning and disinfection of stalls and pastures is essential to prevent the spread of Equine Leptospirosis. You should also keep horses away from standing water as it can cause contamination.

A dry and clean environment

To prevent Equine Leptospirosis, horses should be kept clean and dry. It is important to clean the stall regularly and change the bedding frequently. You must also ensure the horse has sufficient shelter from the elements.


Equine Leptospirosis can cause serious complications. Antibiotics, fluid therapy and nutritional support are the best ways to treat and prevent infection. It is important to practice good hygiene and sanitation in order to prevent the spread of the disease. These steps can be taken by owners to help ensure that their horses are safe and healthy.


What are the symptoms for Equine Leptospirosis

Equine Leptospirosis symptoms include anorexia and weight loss, fever, jaundice, muscle pain and stiffness and depression.

How can Equine Leptospirosis (Equine Leptospirosis) be prevented?

Equine Leptospirosis can be prevented by practicing good hygiene and sanitation. Horses should be vaccinated against the infection and kept clean and dry.