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How to Treat and Prevent Equine Piroplasmosis in Horses?

how to treat and prevent equine piroplasmosis in horses

Introduction to Equine Piroplasmosis

Equine piroplasmosis can be caused by two protozoal organisms: Babesia equi and Theileria. They are transmitted primarily through the bites of infected ticks. These organisms can cause horses to experience a range of symptoms, such as weight loss, anemia and jaundice. If left untreated, the disease may prove fatal in some cases. This article will provide an overview on how to treat and prevent horse equinepiroplasmosis.

What is Equine Piroplasmosis and how can it be treated?

Equine piroplasmosis, a tick-borne disease, is caused by Babesia equi and Theileria. These organisms can be found in horses’ blood and cause a range of clinical symptoms. The symptoms include weight loss, anemia and jaundice as well as depression. If left untreated, the disease may prove fatal.

Diagnostics and Treatment for Equine Piroplasmosis

Horse piroplasmosis can be diagnosed by the presence of protozoa in horse blood. The presence of these organisms is confirmed by taking a blood sample from the horse. If the test comes back positive, the horse will be diagnosed with equinepiroplasmosis. Supportive care and the administration of antiparasitic medications such as diminazene-aceturate and imidocarb dipropionate are two methods of treating equinepiroplasmosis. These drugs can be administered intramuscularly or intravenously. They should be used with supportive care, such as fluid therapy and nutrition support.

Preventing Equine Piroplasmosis

Controlling the tick population on horse property is the best way to prevent equine Piroplasmosis. You should remove any ticks from the horse and use tick control products. Horses should be kept away from infected horses and not share equipment, tools, or grooming supplies.


Horses in areas with equine-piroplasmosis are recommended to receive a vaccine. The vaccine can be administered in one dose and lasts up to one year.

How to identify infected horses

It is crucial to immediately isolate a horse suspected of having equinepiroplasmosis and get in touch with a veterinarian. A veterinarian can collect blood samples and determine if the horse has equine piroplasmosis.


Equine piroplasmosis can be fatal and preventable. It is essential to manage the tick population, vaccinate horses where the disease is common, and identify infected horses as quickly as possible.


How can I tell if my horse is suffering from equine Piroplasmosis

A blood test for protozoa is the only way to find out if a horse has equinepiroplasmosis. A veterinarian can take a sample of the horse’s blood and determine if it is infected.

Is it possible to treat equine Piroplasmosis with out a veterinarian?

Equine piroplasmosis should not be treated without consulting a veterinarian. The treatment consists of supportive care, as well as the administration of antiparasitic medications. Only a veterinarian should be able to provide this guidance.


Equine piroplasmosis can be fatal and serious. It can be prevented by taking the appropriate precautions. The key steps to preventing and treating this disease include vaccination, control of the tick population, and identification of infected horses. Visit www.earthlink.org for more information.


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