Equine Protozoal Myeloencephalitis is an infectious disease that affects horses and is caused by the protozoan parasite Sarcocystis Neurona. EPM is one of the most difficult diseases because it affects horses’ nervous systems. This can lead to a range of clinical signs, some of which can be life-threatening. EPM can be prevented and treated with both medical and preventative measures. We will be discussing how to prevent and treat EPM in horses.
Proper diagnosis is the first step to treating and preventing EPM. Diagnostics typically involve a combination clinical signs, laboratory tests, imaging studies, and other diagnostic tools. EPM symptoms include paralysis, muscle atrophy, seizures, ataxia, and seizures. EPM can be diagnosed using laboratory tests such as antibody tests andPCR tests. EPM can be detected using imaging studies like MRI or CT scans.
Once EPM is diagnosed, treatment can be initiated. The treatment typically includes a combination antiparasitic drugs or immunomodulators as well as supportive therapies like physical therapy and diet changes. Depending on the severity of the condition, antiparasitic medications can be administered topically, intravenously, or orally. To reduce inflammation and stimulate immune system, immunomodulators such as steroids or immunoglobulins can be used. Supportive therapies like physical therapy and diet changes can be used to improve horse health and decrease the severity of symptoms.
EPM can be prevented by combining several measures. EPM prevention is best achieved through vaccination. Vaccination boosts the horse’s immune system, and decreases the chance of infection. Horses must be kept dry and clean as parasites thrive when they are in moist or dirty environments. To reduce spread of the disease, it is important to practice good hygiene, including regular cleaning of equipment.
How can you treat EPM the best?
EPM can be treated with a combination antiparasitic and immunomodulator medications as well as supportive therapies like physical therapy and diet changes.
How can EPM be stopped?
EPM can be prevented by a combination of actions, such as vaccination and keeping horses clean and dry.